Thursday, October 25, 2012

Industrialization & Urbanization- Negroes Migrate to America's Urban Areas

 



The Beginning Of Industrialization & Urbanization (1900) in America --  Americans create industries, elevate their standard of living and make America into a world power - Negroes founder 


Page I

    If one were to follow the Negro race's migration to America's urban centers past Reconstruction, through the 1880s, past Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) and up until the beginning of the 20th century, a very puzzling, if not worrisome, dilemma had clearly begun to materialize:: Within America's urban centers Negro males' behavioral characteristics during this time (1865 to 1900) were showing themselves to be very much different than the creators of those urban centers i.e. males of Euro descent. Specifically, in the area of crime Negroes males had become disproportionately represented.1  Regarding the family unit,  there was a significant difference between the American (White Christians) and the Negro in cohabitation of the sexes, with Negro families being far more likely living without an adult male in the house;  which, naturally, produced greater instability for the Negro family unit.2  And regarding urban housing, Negroes simply chose to occupy a dwellings built by American males ... instead of building housing for their people.3   Finally, in generating occupations, the most crucial area for a male group within urban settings, and particularly at this time (circa 1900) in American history -  an economic system dominated by the rules of capitalism... as opposed to socialism and gov't produced jobs -- Negro males had failed completely between 1865 and 1900 in producing the occupational titles within the structure and confines of their own male group;  which was essential to sustain their still small urban populations.4

In fact, in this crucial area of Negro males generating occupations, one can easily see a contributing factor for the other failings represented above for the Negro. For it stands to reason, if black males generated the same type of jobs in  urban centers as the Americans, the crime rates associated with their group should fall, the family structure would be more stable and they could afford to buy and build more suitable housing; and, theoretically anyways, they should also be building their own cities/ town and political systems and launching their own industries.5  And lastly, if Negro males were generating enough occupations for their own male group, they would also demonstrate to the Americans that they were not going to become their dependents - certainly a major concern for any American male watching the Negro group's urban desolation manifest during our time frame here (1865 to 1900).

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The first four citations below are referenced from W.E.B. Du Bois' book, The Philadelphia Negro (1896) - available FREE on the Internet as a google book ),

1. Du Bois Quote: "In the city of Philadelphia the increasing number of bold and daring crimes committed by Negroes [since 1890] has focused the city on this subject. There is a widespread feeling that something is wrong with a race that is responsible for so much crime, and that strong remedies are called for. One has to but visit the corridors of the public buildings, when the courts are in session, to realize the part played in law-breaking by the Negro." (pg. 241)

2. Du Bois gives very startling, if not staggering to the imagination, facts about the black family situation in urban Philadelphia in the late 1890s. For instance, 73% of all black females over the age of 40 are living without a man. For White women, it was under 16%. He also tells us that for the black female who marries in Philadelphia, 56% of them are either separated, abandoned, divorced or widowed. (pg.70). Du Bois also holds no punches on the "sexual looseness" of the Negro, which he calls the "sin of the Negro population". (pg. 72)

3.  Du Bois states that the vast majority of blacks were either living in, or juxtaposed to, the Seventh Ward in Philadelphia in 1896, This ward was the oldest section of the city and, not surprisingly, the poorest section of the city.(pg. 305) Blacks had been in the city of Philadelphia, according to Du Bois, stretching all the way back to the 1700.  So the fact that so very few - if any - housing in the city was built by black males, seems to indicate an acutely obvious, if not potentially serious, difference manifesting between the two races in the city. Further, even stretching our parameter years from 1865 to 1964, I still could not find ANY urban area in America where a section of housing was built by black males.  

4. Du Bois breaks down the jobs found among Philadelphia's Negro male age age 10 to 20, which indicates over 80% of the males appear to be making their daily wage in the service sector (as a porter, servant, errand boy or common laborer) for the American population (white people); or providing services where the predominant clientèle is American. (pg. 99).

For Negro men over the age the age of 21, Du Bois tells us that in 1896, approx. 79% of the adult Negro males are either laborers or servants. This also suggests that here again, we see the Negro male group engaged in occupations where the incomes are most likely derived from the white population.(pg. 99)

As for the Negro female, Du Bois tells us that a peculiarly high percent (43%) are the family breadwinner in Philadelphia, compared to 16% for White women. The vast majority of Negro women work as domestic servants.(pg.111) Further, according to Du Bois, there were approx. 42,000 domestic servants in Philadelphia, However, blacks represented only 25% of these servants. This fact clearly indicates White people could have easily filled the ranks of this job classification with their own race. And the point here is? White people were giving these jobs to blacks ... clearly desiring to help them, likely keenly aware what hardship blacks were enduring in the city.

On pg 123, Mr. Du Bois offers us an accounting of Negro business and employment activities within Philadelphia, particularly how blacks tend to gravitate to the White race when seeking economic opportunities, instead of seeking opportunities among their own male group.

On pg. 135, Du Bois describes how White organizers of labor groups use the vast numbers of Negroes, with so limited opportunities known to be available to them, to drive down wages for white males.

5.  Black males in America by 1900 still have yet to create an urban center independent of the White males; nor have they establish a single industry - created by and run by Negroes - in any part of the country.





Pg.1

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                                  The Emerging Differences Between White & Black


Page II


      So we have a question here that obviously begs to be asked at this point in American history (1900): Why were enough occupational titles capable of being generated in American communities to sustain their urban population but the Negro community was failing in this regard?



Even though the question above seems to be of monumental importance, indeed, related to the very survival of Negro people in urban America -- remember, since the American and the Negro lived separately, each male group was expected to be self-reliant; and this self-reliance is directly linked to the creation of occupational titles within one's own male group.  Nevertheless, the question regarding why Negro men failed to produce occupations is never directly asked, either by members of the U.S. gov't (who were all white males in 1900), or members of academia. At least I could find no person of renown in these ranks raising this issue prior to 1900. Curious indeed!

 In attempting to answer this question though, let's first address the four most popular arguments used to explain the Negro's failure in American urban centers::

1. Legacy of Slavery:: The notion that slavery was at the root cause for every socio-economic problem that plagued the Negro male group in 1900, though it seems to have some merit (i.e. those of African descents had no culture to fall back on to instruct themselves on how to create a societal structure based on their own historical past), however, slavery could not possibly be the reason for all the economic hardships in every urban center  in which  they (the Negro male group) clustered.  

2. The "conspiring to oppress" theory, or myth:; This implies that the American population in every urban area in which the Negro male migrated collectively conspired and schemed to oppressed him. This is not only false but obviously completely ludicrous. Coast to coast "hidden" oppression?! And for the entire history of the Negro's presence in urban America?  Logically, if white people were this obsessed with oppressing the Negro, the Negro people were entirely FREE   - after 1865 -  to colonize a place in America. Or, free to build their own cities and towns.6   BOTTOM LINE:: There was no oppression of the black race in America after 1865. There was, however, historical "group" separation.  Blacks in 1900 were required to live separately so as to achieve a sense of self-reliance.

3. Intellectual superiority:; There are no people intellectually superior to another people.

  Keeping in mind the above observations (slavery cannot possibly be the cause for all the Negro's urban desolation; no conspiracy to oppress; and there is no intellectually superior race), and taking further note that the Negro male group between 1865 and 1900 had essentially been given access to the same educational training as American males,7  and this male group has also only been exposed to the way of life of the Dominant Male Group (White Christian males) in America, then their failure to exhibit the same behavioral characteristics as the American within the urban centers   ... leaves us with really only one remaining consideration: the possibility that some innate factor exists within the human species which allows for a grouping behavior conducive to creating "wealth" and thereby sustaining urban living arrangements.  8

Note:  In 1900, according to the U.S. Census,  the Negro population was 8,833,994, and 87% of the Negroes still lived in the South.   The total urban black population in America was 11%. 

Between 1900 and 1960,  NEVER in human history had a single society experienced such economic prosperity than America. As of 1960:

--total number of cities built by Negro males : None
--total number of industries built by Negro males: None
--total number of tax bases created by black males capable of sustaining gov't services: None

--number of white males & females employed by a black man and supporting a family: None

--number of black males & females employed by a white person (household/corporation/business): Millions

-- total number of residential housing structures built by black males in major metropolitan centers: Number so minute it is statistically immeasurable

--total number of black male registered businesses:: 34, 400 (in other words, only .0043 of all adult black males owned their own business in 1960 - all are mom & pop operations. Source: Chronological History of the Negro -pg 523)


The purpose in pointing out the above is only to demonstrate the great difference in the behavioral characteristics of the two racial groups; and to make one wonder today how it is that the dominant culture (white Christians) at that time could not or would not conclude that those of African descent were NOT an urban people.



Finally, it is not the fault of one people that another people exhibited demonstrably different behavioral characteristics in the same living arrangements (i.e. America's urban centers). This is not an intelligence issue. Nor is it a conspiracy to oppress issue; or a lingering legacy of a GREAT wrong committed by one people against another. Like the polar bear and black bear, Euro honey bee and Africanized honey bee, the lion, the leopard and tiger, tho these species are part of the same family (the bear family; the bee family; the cat family), yet each is separated from the other by their innate behavioral characteristics.

http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027/tab05.txt
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6. Below are four examples where  male groups in America prior to 1900 sought and achieved separation from America's Dominant Male Group (White Christian males) and created their own self-sustaining and self-reliant living arrangements.

Example 1 : In 1847, in Nauvoo, Illinois, a few thousands Mormons, persecuted and reviled by many of their fellow Americans because of their “peculiar” religious beliefs (comparatively, people of African descent were, generally speaking, not hated, nor were they persecuted, for their racial difference by America's DMG - they only desired Negroes live separately), and even suffering the murder of their spiritual leader, John Smith, decide to head West. They marched through the desert and eventually wound up in the unsettled territory of Utah. There they set up their community in this virtual desert wasteland and proceeded to build irrigation systems, the city of Salt Lake and, eventually, other towns as well. They even had their own currency.

Example 2 : Every American Indian tribe demanded their separation and distinctness. Not one Indian tribe in America - out of 100s - is known to have ever marched before another Indian tribe for integration rights. They all achieved self-reliance and wanted nothing to do "with the way of the white man."

Example 3 : Chinese-Americans began arriving in the late 1880s and they were essentially required to live separately, which they did without complaint. They also created their own living arrangements within the confines of their own male group. Further, there is no recorded example of any Chinese-American ever claiming his dignity, freedom or manhood, or that of his people, could only be obtained within White male society.

Example 4 : The Amish.


7. Negroes were more than adequately supplied with schools, including higher education facilities, which were mostly supplied  - funded - by the northern liberal White people. READ : The Unheralded Charity of White toward Black in American History

8. Failure of the Carlisle Indian School

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So here is were we left off :: "some innate factor exists within the human species which allows for a grouping behavior conducive to creating [wealth] and sustaining urban living arrangements." 







To be continued on pg. 3
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