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"After the march [on Washington in 1963], many laws were passed to give blacks equal rights."
People of African descent in America prior to 1964 were not an oppressed people, nor were they being denied any Constitutional rights; nor were they being denied any rights created by Acts of Congress.1 One distinct people living separate from another distinct people was the established norm in American history. It was also the established norm throughout human history. The Black race did in fact seek, demand and ultimately receive integration rights into the established political and economic arenas of the White race.
In 1910, the NAACP was born (created by White Christians) and thus was born the radical new concept of racial integration. By the mid-1950s, many Blacks - and quite a few White people as well - across America were working to achieve the “dream”, or the “eye on the prize”, which was across-the-board integration of the Black race into the political and economic environments of the White race -- including residential communities of the White race. During this great struggle, and, I might add, a struggle completely unprecedented in the annals of human history, there were more than a few who lost their lives as a result of this across-the-board integration pursuit by the Black race (oddly, into the very group they're also labeling at this time as their brutal oppressor). Un-officially, the “dream” pursuit began with the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, and lasted through 1967. 2
Note: All the victims below appear on the Southern Poverty Law Center’s site ‘Civil Rights Martyrs’. LINK I need to also point out that Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), if you click on the link I provided, indicates many more victims than I've listed below. However, if you read the descriptions of how each died, you can see that (1) SPLC is clearly adding names of people (even a Black male rapist!) who obviously did not die in the pursuit of compulsory integration; (2) Blacks were added to their list perhaps to have more Black victims of the “dream” pursuit than White victims.
The names below are the actual murder victims (white and black) in the the pursuit of Compulsory Inclusionism.
1955 - Rev. George Lee -- (Belzoni, Mississippi)
* 1955 - Lamar Smith -- (Brookhaven, Mississippi)
1961 - Herbert Lee -- (Liberty, Mississippi)
1963 - (w/m) William Lewis Moore --(Attalla, Alabama)
1963 - Medgar Evers --(Jackson, Mississippi)
1964 - (b/m) James Chaney, (w/m) Andrew Goodman and (w/m) Michael Schwerner -- (Philadelphia, Miss.)
1965 - Jimmie Lee Jackson --(Marion, Alabama)
1965 - (w/m) Rev. James Reeb --(Selma, Alabama)
1965 - (w/f) Viola Gregg Liuzzo --(Selma Highway, Alabama)
1965 - (w/m) Jonathan Myrick Daniel --(Hayneville, Alabama)
1966 - (w/m) Vernon Ferdinand Dahmer --(Hattiesburg, Mississippi)
1967 - Wharlest Jackson --(Natchez, Mississippi)
** 1968 - Samuel Ephesians Hammond Jr., Delano Herman Middleton and Henry Ezekial Smith
* There is no existing evidence - other than the SPLC's claim - that Lamar Smith was murdered because he was participating in, or an advocate of, the black race's compulsory inclusionism demands. Nevertheless, I decided to include his name. You can judge for yourself whether he should be included in this victim's list.
** These three Blacks were killed by [White] police officers during a mostly Black mob protest against a segregated bowling alley. However, it should also be noted that preceding the police officers opening fire on the protesters, was a violent assault on a White officer. 1968 was the beginning of the ‘Black Power’ movement, which advocated violence toward White people and , particularly, White police officers.
Total number of people who died to achieve the compulsory integration “dream”was 13.
Total Blacks who died:: 6 (not including the three who were killed in 1968)
Total White people who died:: 7
1. There were a few voting irregularities in the Deep South prior to 1964 (e.g Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas). However, in 1963, more than 43% of eligible blacks were registered to vote across the South.
2. In 1956 racial segregation on buses was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court - who were all White male justices.