Wednesday, March 16, 2011

NAACP- Its Real Creators - Its Real Purpose

  Before we begin here with the creation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), let's first dispel a few myths (created mainly by way of the Internet).

Myth 1. W.E.B Du Bios was the creator of the NAACP. Not true. Du Bois was a member of a black "group" (Niagara Movement), which consisted of a number of prominent Black men who met a few times and expressed a desire, among other things, to have White people commit to race-nullification. It basically stopped meeting sometime before 1909. Du Bois had no firsthand input in the actual making of the NAACP organization. But he certainly did support its agenda.


Myth 2. Ida Wells was one of the founders of the NAACP.
Not true.  Her name never appeared as a member of the Executive Committee,  or as a founding member either. Nor did she ever write anything in her journalism capacity for the NAACP i.e. she never worked for the NAACP.

Myth 3. The NAACP was inspired by Jews (specifically Henry Moskowitz).
Not true. There were no Jewish members listed among the original Executive Committee members.

Myth 4.  The NAACP was created to make sure that people of African descent received their civil rights in America.
Not true. There were no civil rights laws in America at that time. 

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Okay, let's get started with how the NAACP was really created and it's intended purpose. 

   1.   The Beginning: In 1908, a White female social worker by the name of Mary Ovington claimed to have read an article written by William English Walling describing a recent race riot in Springfield, Ill.. Based on this article, according to Miss Ovington, she became inspired to create an organization that would help those of African descent in America achieve more political representation and economic security.

         On Feb. 12, 1909, Miss Ovington (she was a lifelong spinster), along with Oswald Garrison Villard and William English Walling (both White males and Christians) sent out a
"Call" letter to everyone they believed would be supportive of an organization that would provide Blacks a new direction: integration.

           By May 1910, the future NAACP organizers had held two conferences in New York City. Without question the purpose of the first conference, which was attended by many Blacks (a "committee of 40" - which likely included Ida Wells), was a desire on the part of the White organizers to see if Blacks would be receptive to the new integration agenda; and, perhaps more importantly, would not protest against the societal anomaly they were suggesting to create. After all, racial integration was a complete contradiction to what did exist in 1910; and Blacks, since 1865, had never protested against the current living arrangements. After the first conference, which did allay the worries of the White organizers of Black resistance, the next conference was used to choose the name of the new organization, develop an organizational strategy for racial integration and choose its executive board members.

(Mary W. Ovington's original name for the NAACP was 'The 'National Committee for the Advancement of the Negro People')

   2.   The Purpose: Thus was born the concept of racial integration, something never before practiced or even conceived of in human history.
1

        Not surprisingly, when the new and revolutionary NAACP was launched, even though it was created and run by White people, it wasn't in any way popular among the numerically and culturally dominant White population. In fact, the agenda was steadfastly rejected by the group. However, this attitude among the White population was likely rooted in simple and logically sound reasoning
:: that Blacks should be separate, and thereby achieve a feeling of self-reliance and empowerment as a distinct people (Booker T. Washington's desire and pursuit). Mainly for this reason, not one single White philanthropist of the day would offer financial help to the NAACP in its formative years.2

         
How The NAACP Pursued It's Integration Agenda:: Since the separation of the races was so deep-seeded within the White community, and it was the White population that had created all the urban centers, all the industries, and likely not a single White male in America was employed by a Black man in 1910, it certainly had to be very clear to the organizers of the NAACP that there was no quid pro quo to entice White males to accept racial integration on their own volition.  Naturally, given these existing circumstances, using persuasive measures such as literature and speeches to try to convince the White population from coast to coast (including the South) that integration was beneficial for them and they should just voluntarily submit to it, would appear to be a Herculean task necessitating far more in financial resources than the meager funds the NAACP had at its disposal. Therefore, the NAACP settled on a much more economically feasible strategy, which was to use the judicial system (judicial activism) to strike down those laws which apparently allowed for racial separation (i.e. allowed the White population to keep Black males out of what White males regarded as their political and economic arenas). In other words, integration was going to be forced on the White population.

       Historical Correction:   It is often stated that the NAACP was created because of the 1908 Springfield, Ill. riot.
3 This riot, which was initiated by White males against the city's Black population (the riot's flashpoint was the death of a White male, who had found a Black male intruder in his daughter's bedroom, gave chase and was killed during a struggle). It was clearly an ugly riot and surely the White population did desire to drive the Blacks from the city. Two Blacks were lynched (the number of Blacks lynched by White males - perhaps intentionally - equaled the number of White people killed by Back males in the previous few days). However, using this riot as the basis to launch an organization advocating integration of the races, and where there existed the possibility of such racially motivated violence, just doesn't sound logical.

         The most likely reason for using the Springfield riot, if one cares to read between the lines, is that Springfield was the recognized birthplace of President Lincoln, the Great Emancipator, and the White organizers of the NAACP were hoping Blacks would equate emancipation with integration. NOTE: Mary White Ovington and William English Walling where both very staunch socialists, and also very much involved in the socialist movement in America at that time. In fact, Mr. Walling endeavored to write the definitive book on socialism. So it doesn't seem like too much of a stretch to assume that Ovington and Walling's real motive in launching the organization was to use it to get the trust of negroes, then lure them from the republican party into the socialist party.

      Mr. DuBois' Contribution:    When the NAACP's Executive Committee was created in 1910 (with this committee rested all the power and decision making), only one member of this committee was a Negro: W.E.B. DuBois. Mr. DuBois was given the title of director of publicity and research, and his main duty was to be editor of the Crisis magazine (Miss Ovington's own recounting of the making of the NAACP, she implies she persuaded DuBois to join the organization after it was already established). W.E.B. DuBois does deserve all the credit for disseminating  through the Crisis the new concept of integration among the Black race; and creating the belief in the mind of particularly the urban Blacks that they should pursue integration into the White male's established society. By 1917, most northern urban black newspapers were following the lead of the Crisis.

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1. W.E.B. DuBois' Niagara Movement (1906 to 1909), which never became an actual organization but rather consisted of a number of prominent Black men, had gathered on three separate occasions and did issue a statement demanding that White Americans commit to race-nullification, among other things. The three meetings between 1906 and 1909 produced nothing substantive in improving the prospect of race-nullification from the White population.

2. According to the book "The Chronological History of the Negro", because of a complete lack of funds, the NAACP's first four years were devoted almost exclusively to reporting on and lodging complaints about lynching - through the Crisis - and on opening new branches in cities outside of New York City.

3 comments:

  1. http://www.bvblackspin.com/2011/03/25/black-firefighters-could-get-settlement/2#commentsInline

    ReplyDelete
  2. "Myth 3. The NAACP was inspired by Jews (specifically Henry Moskowitz)"

    Myth?

    "On May 30, 1909, the Niagara Movement conference took place at New York City's Henry Street Settlement House, from which an organization of more than 40 individuals emerged, calling itself the National Negro Committee. Du Bois played a key role in organizing the event and presided over the proceedings. Also in attendance was African-American journalist and anti-lynching crusader Ida B. Wells-Barnett. At its second conference on May 30, 1910, members chose as the organization's name the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and elected its first officers, who were:[13]

    National President, Moorfield Storey, Boston
    Chairman of the Executive Committee, William English Walling
    Treasurer, John E. Milholland (a Lincoln Republican and Presbyterian from New York City and Lewis, NY)
    Disbursing Treasurer, Oswald Garrison Villard
    Executive Secretary, Frances Blascoer
    Director of Publicity and Research, Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois.

    The NAACP was incorporated a year later in 1911. The association's charter delineated its mission:

    To promote equality of rights and to eradicate caste or race prejudice among the citizens of the United States; to advance the interest of colored citizens; to secure for them impartial suffrage; and to increase their opportunities for securing justice in the courts, education for the children, employment according to their ability and complete equality before law.

    The conference resulted in a more influential and diverse organization, where the leadership was predominantly white and heavily Jewish American. In fact, at its founding, the NAACP had only one African American on its executive board, Du Bois himself. It did not elect a black president until 1975, although executive directors had been African American. The Jewish community contributed greatly to the NAACP's founding and continued financing. Jewish historian Howard Sachar writes in his book A History of Jews in America of how, "In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise."[14] Early Jewish-American co-founders included Julius Rosenwald, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch and Wise."

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. There is nothing factually incorrect in my narrative here on the beginnings of the NAACP. A few points:

      1. NAACP was officially organized in May 1910. The first branch of the organization (NY City)was established in 1911.

      2. Only two Jews, Arthur & Joel Spingarn, were in prominent positions within the NAACP in formative years. White Christians were the primary driving force in creating and funding the NAACP in its formative years.

      3. J. Rosenwald had NOTHING to do with the creation of the NAACP. His Rosenwald Fund was primarily interested in providing school assistance to southern Negroes - i.e. creating self-reliance for blacks.

      4. Jews became "interested" in this organization when it became apparent that forcible integration had a chance of success, sometime in the early 1950s. Naturally, Jews knew they were going to be a financial beneficiary of any forced integration laws.
      http://radioislam.org/thetruth/naacp.htm
      ( I disagree with this article regarding Jewish Henry Moskowitz giving monies to the org.)

      5. QUOTE::""To promote equality of rights and to eradicate caste or race prejudice among the citizens of the United States; to advance the interest of colored citizens; to secure for them impartial suffrage; and to increase their opportunities for securing justice in the courts, education for the children, employment according to their ability and complete equality before law."

      Total NONSENSE! Blacks were a FREE people in America after 1865. In every sense of the word they were FREE, free to build their own towns, cities and industries ; or colonize a place in America (like the Mormons). White people did not wrong the black race because they chose to live separately from them. White people's desire here was to make the black race self-reliant. And, yeah, safety for their families was also important. Blacks chose integration (and dependence). They got what they marched for.

      50 years since the launching of forced integration (1964):

      -- A collapse of the black family unit;
      -- an explosion of black male crime;
      --an explosion of black crime against white people;
      -- 60% black male high school dropout rate

      Delete