Wednesday, March 9, 2011

Charitable Giving of White Toward Black In American (1865 to 1964)

  Between 1865 and 1964,  in all of human history there is only one people who freely gave their time and money to another people ... for the sole purpose of trying to help them better their lives. The people doing the giving were the Americans (White Christian people of America).1 The ones who were the recipient of all the generosity and charity were the Negro people of America. Well, I thought it would be a good idea to acknowledge some examples of White Christian males/females generosity and charity directed toward the Black race in America, specifically between 1865 and 1964, and give credit where credit is richly due.


Also, note the effort by Americans below to assist those of African descent to become a separate & self-reliant people (the pursuit of Booker T. Washington) through education.  

------------------------------


The Freedman's Bureau (1865 to 1872) :

 The Freedman’s Bureau (officially known as ‘The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands’) was created by Americans to feed and provide other life necessities to the Negro population of the South after the Civil War ended in 1865. However, well before the end of the Civil War, Americans organized all over the North various organizations to feed, clothe, educate and provide other needed necessities for the newly freed Negro people Note: according to W.E.B Du Bios, more than 50 organizations were active in relief capacity for the southern Negro by 1866.


The Tuskegee Institute:

 This icon of Black education was the brainchild of an Alabama prominent banker by the name of George W. Campbell (White male). Another White male, an Alabama state senator named W.F. Foster, spearheaded the necessary funding for the Institute through the state legislature. The result was a yearly appropriation of $2000.

The following Americans, all self-made millionaires, gave small fortunes - their own hard-earned money - to this Negro self-sufficiency school over their lifetime:

--Andrew Carnegie 
--John D. Rockefeller
--Henry Rodgers
--Collis Huntington

 And,
--Julius Rosenwald*
--Anna T. Jeanes*
 * Julius Rosenwald was an immigrant Jew and self-made millionaire. 

 * Anna T. Jeanes, an American female, was not a self-made millionaire, but inherited her money from her husband.


----------------------------------
Howard University

  Howard University was chartered in 1867. It was championed by an American Civil War General, Oliver Otis Howard (November 8, 1830 – October 26, 1909), and the school hence bears his name. Howard University is also the ONLY higher education school ever to be directly funded by the US taxpayers (it still is).
---------------------------------
 Lincoln University

  Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) was an exclusive college for Negroes and was created in 1854 by an American named John Miller Dickey, who also became its first president. Lincoln University was originally named Ashmun Institute. The first Black president of the university was not elected until 1945.
-------------------------------------------
 Fisk University

  Fisk University was an all-Negro college that was established by three Americans, Erastus Milo Cravath, John Ogden and Edward Parmelee Smith in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1866.
-----------------------------------------
Wilberforce University

  Wilberforce University, located near Xenia, in Ohio, was an all-Negro college created by Americans from the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1856.. It was named after an American, William Wilberforce, who was an 18th century abolitionist.
----------------------------------------
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania

  Cheyney University of Pennsylvania was an all-Negro school established in 1837.  An American named Richard Humphreys had bequeathed $10,000 in his will (10% of his estate) in 1832 for the sole purpose of creating a place of education for the Negro race. 


--------------------------------------
Atlanta University

 Atlanta University was founded by Americans associated with the American Missionary Association, in 1865. Around 1866, its survival then shifted to, and depended upon, the Americans associated with the Freedman’s Bureau.
-------------------------------- 
In 1922, the Carnegie Corporation and the Rockefeller Memorial gave $25,000 each to create the Journal Of Negro History. 


In 1924, George Eastman (Kodack Co.) gave Tuskegee Institute $1 million dollars.

------------------------------


John D. Rockefeller

  Mr. Rockefeller donated almost $180 million dollars to the General Education Board, which was chartered by Act of Congress in 1903.  Much of this money was spent supplying educational aid for the Negro people, specifically in the southern states (Mr. Rockefeller‘s $180 million translates to almost 2 billion dollars in 2008 dollars!).

--------------------------------------
George Peabody Education Fund for poor Southerners

  George Peabody Education Fund was established by a an American named George Peabody, and was designed to help Negro colleges in the South at the turn of the century.

----------------------------------------
The Slater Fund

 The Slater Fund was established by an American, James Fox Slater, in 1882.  Its primary purpose was to support southern Negro schools. Around 1915, this fund was worth about $1.75 million.
--------------------------------------
The Jeanes Fund (Jeanes Foundation)

  An American female, Miss Anna T. Jeanes, a Quaker, created 'The Fund for Rudimentary Schools for Southern Negroes’ in 1907 from the monies left to her by her late husband. The purpose of the fund was to help Negroes create teachers for their people. It was endowed at one million dollars (a staggering sum at the time).

  The Southern Education Board: In or around 1900, Americans created the The Southern Education Board. It's funding was initially provided by the Slater Fund and the Jeans Funds. Americans, trained in the area of farming, would go to rural farms (Negro and American) and educate them on better farming techniques. The Southern Education Board was also very concerned with the high southern Negro illiteracy, which was, in 1900, almost 50% (for southern Americans, around 11%). 


--------------------------------------
Phelps-Stokes Fund

 Established in 1911,American philanthropist and self-made millionaire Anson Phelps Stokes created this fund for the purpose of improving Negro life through education. Its endowment was approximately $900,000.


Minor Fund

 This fund was established by a American female, Miss Myrtilla Minor, in 1851. Its purpose was to provide aid to schools who would teach Negro girls to be teachers for their people.

--------------------------------------

In 1910, according to the US census, 50% of Negroes (about 4.8 million) lived in urban centers (all created by American males). That means there would be approximately 2.4 million Negro males living in the urban centers of America. About 1/3rd would be too young to work, so that means there were about 1.6 million Negro males of working age living in American-built cities in 1910. Of those 1.8 million Negro males, 350,000 (almost 20%!) worked in a factory job (all factory jobs for the Negro were supplied by American males i.e. not ONE factory job in America was created by a Negro male --so, concomitantly, no American male (white) was employed by a Negro male in a factory job. Note: At this time in American history, you worked or you starved. (source: Chronological History of The Negro pg. 358)

Naturally, with Americans being so generous supplying jobs to Negro males, naturally, more Negro males were encouraged to come to the American-built urban areas.


--------------------------------------


Julius Rosenwald

  Without question one of the most generous of the Euro race toward the Negro people was Julius Rosenwald (Jewish).  Most of his charity was gifted through the Rosenwald Fund (depleted in 1948)


Cushing Fund

  An American, Miss Emeline Cushing, established this fund in 1895 for the purpose of financially assisting colored schools.
----------------------------------------

Americans Create Special School  - In Mississippi. - For Negro Boys To Own Land

source
-----------------------------------------


Daniel Hand Fund

  An American self-made millionaire, Daniel Hand,  established the Daniel Hand Fund in 1888. It was endowed at $1 million dollars (two-thirds of Mr. Hand’s entire personal wealth!). Mr. Hand stipulated that all of the Fund would be directed toward Negro education in the former slave states. When Mr. Hand died in 1893, he bequeathed the rest of his remaining wealth to this fund.


-------------------------------------------
Andrew Carnegie

  Mr. Carnegie, when he retired, was considered the richest man in the world. He also became the biggest philanthropist in America and gave generously to Negro educational causes, which included giving $600,000 to the Tuskegee Institute in 1903.
-------------------------------------------
Harmon Foundation

  The New York City Harmon Foundation was established in 1922 by an American, William Harmon (1862-1928). Its purpose was to aid and assist Negro art, artists, businesses, education for Negroes, farming needs, music, and other causes for the Negro.
-------------------------------------------
Garland Fund

 This White-male-established fund was used to help the NAACP through the Great Depression.


------------------------------------------
John D. Rockefeller Jr.

 Mr. Rockefeller, Jr. built the Dunbar Apartments in New York City, a mammoth complex consisting of six buildings - 511 apartments - specifically to house low-income Negroes in Harlem. He also built and funded a bank in NYC solely for Negroes.

-----------------------------------------
Katharine Drexel

Katherine Drexel was born November 26, 1858 and died March 3, 1955. She was an American female, a nun, philanthropist, educator and later canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.

 "She became a nun, and took the name Sister Katharine, dedicating herself and her inheritance to the needs of [non-occupational ranking] Native Americans and African-Americans in the western and southwestern United States, and was a vocal advocate of racial tolerance. She established a religious order, the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People. She also financed more than 60 missions and schools around the United States, and founded Xavier University of Louisiana[1] - the only historically Black, Roman Catholic university in the United States to date."
wikipedia 


------------------------------------------
The United Negro College Fund

  In 1944 the United Negro College Fund was created. Almost all of the funding for its initial operation was provided by the General Education Fund and the Rosenwald Fund.


  Mr. William Trent, a Negro, in the course of his 20-year tenure as its first executive director, raised over $78 million for this fund, almost all of it coming from generous liberal Americans (Senator John F. Kennedy gave all of the profits from his book ‘Profiles in Courage' to this fund). 
                                                        ----------------------

Again, throughout human history only African-Americans have been the beneficiary of continuous generosity and charity from another people (White Christians), and not just between 1865 to 1964, but even continuing to the present day.
--------------------------------------------------

1. American Jews also gave to the Negro people. Before 1950, it was mostly coming from the Rosenwald fund.

Note: I have scoured the Internet searching for examples of Black charity toward the White population in America for the period of 1865 to 1964, and I have have found not ONE example. I do desire to be fair-minded, so If anyone does have knowledge of an example(s), complete with a bona fide, and verifiable, source, please let me know and I'll include it here.

4 comments:

  1. You ignored Saint Katherine Drexel

    ReplyDelete
  2. Why should any black person give a dime to a white person you are literally crazy you have a whole site about hating black people white people are trash including you this what your site represents lies and trash it is what I expect from your kind

    ReplyDelete
  3. Here is some truth and deep sentiment for the "researcher and author". Your "research and documentation" prints out to 1 printed page of "goodwill". If your intent of using these philanthropist as examples, you have failed miserably because slaves and their descendants have gotten less than one penny for the amount of wealth gained from their forced labor based upon the "goodwill" donations that you have reported. So pat yourself on the back. We neither want nor need a single penny from you or people like you.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Black Charity from "Blacks towards Whites" from 1865 to 1964": Here is the answer that you seek - THERE IS NONE, WE ALREADY GAVE AND MORE THAN PAID IT FORWARD!!!! with our slave labor from 1619 to 1865 that built this country for the likes of you. Every great institution that you have was funded on the backs of BLACK people who were slaves in America. PERHAPS WE SHOULD SEND YOU A BILL ON BEHALF OF OUR ANCESTORS TO PAY WHAT YOU OWE? You really should find something better to do with your idle time, or at least be a credit to your race.

    ReplyDelete